This is the final article in our series on Programming Languages to Learn. We started with discussing the classics and what beginners should learn, before diving into Niche Programming languages. Now, we’ll discuss the up and coming coding languages - that should be learned after you’ve mastered the classics - and which languages will be popular this year.
With Android gradually gaining momentum in the smartphone market, Kotlin is growing in popularity among both front-end and back-end developers. Running on the Java virtual machine, it is supported by Google and appreciated for its clear and short syntax. Pinterest moved from Java to Kotlin even before Google announced its support of the latter. Coursera and Trello, among other apps, also use this language.
Another coding language promoted by Google, Golang, is simple, like Python, but powerful, like C++. It’s fit for multi-core apps and supports concurrency. Go-code is easy to learn and easy to read; thus often used for legacy code that requires iterations by several engineers. The similarities with C-languages make it accessible for C++ and C# programmers.
This new, system-level programming language was one of the most loved languages by engineers in 2018 and 2019. Created by Mozilla, Rust is focused on performance-critical tasks. Experienced programmers compare programs written in Rust to C/C++ in speed and memory usage. Dropbox, Yelp and Cloudflare all use Rust in production.
A high-level, dynamic programming language, Julia is most appreciated by data scientists. Its fast execution makes Julia perfect for projects with large datasets. The language’s syntax is compared to Python, but it’s more rapid in dealing with massive amounts of data. It still cannot compete with Python in popularity, but Julia might be your next choice if you plan to work with big data.
If you’ve been dreaming of a specific field of software development though, the list of programming languages to learn first may differ from the classics. Whether you’re interested in cloud computing, Android app development, blockchain or something else, the programming languages to learn will depend on the field that triggers your interest.
If we can give you one piece of advice though, it’s this -- don’t choose a new or niche language to learn for your first foray into software engineering. Do your research into the industry, gain some foundational skills, then add the technical skills and unique languages you need to get the job of your dream.
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